Things To Know About Endometriosis And Its Treatment
Endometriosis is a distressing condition, and the unfortunate women who suffer from this condition know it best. Endometriosis occurs when the lining of the uterus, called endometrium, starts growing outside its normal place. The endometrium does continue its normal processes, which include its thickening and then shedding along with the bleeding that occurs during the shedding process. However, as the whole processes happen in a place that is not its normal one this results in the endometrium being trapped in this abnormal place. That is why this process is associated with inflammation and pain. Women who are suffering from this painful condition can plan a visitto Santosh Hospitals to get the problem treated because it is a well-known fact that this place is probably the best gynaecology hospital in Ghaziabad.
Symptoms of endometriosis
Now that the basic idea of endometriosis is somewhat clear it will be prudent to understand the various symptoms that are generally associated with this condition. Below is a list of the common symptoms:
- Menstrual cramps tend to be extremely painful.
- Intercourse is also quite painful due to this condition.
- Women suffering from endometriosis are known to have fertility issues.
- When menstruation happens, they generally experience severe back pain and spasms.
- Even bowel movement can be painful.
- Generally, the periods tend to be quite heavy.
- There is a good chance that they will experience frequent spotting in between periods.
- Problems with digestion can result in either diarrhea or constipation.
- Fatigue is a common symptom in this condition along with bloating and nausea.
As mentioned earlier, when endometriosis occurs, the endometrium actually starts growing outside its normal position, and this can be almost anywhere. However, general observation reveals that the endometrium grows in fallopian tubes, ovaries, pelvic cavity, the outer side of the uterus, in the anterior space between the uterus and the bladder or the posterior space between the uterus and the rectum. The specific reason for this disorder is not exactly known. However, multiple theories and postulates are available on this. One of the theories is that, reverse menstruation which happens when some endometrial tissues come out of the uterus and start growing in some other place. Another one is the transfer of endometrial cells through the bloodstream or the lymphatic system. This is quite similar to how cancer spreads.
Treatment for endometriosis mainly looks into the management of pain as a priority that is achieved using painkillers. Hormone therapy is also included along with painkillers.
Surgical removal of the uterus i.e. hysterectomy is also done in some cases. But that depends on the condition and the choice of the patient.
In hormone therapy, treatment is focused on stopping the egg production of the patient, which in turn stops the development of the endometrial tissue. Some women may need this treatment till menopause to keep symptoms at bay whereas others may need the treatment for a few years only before they achieve normalcy and symptoms no longer recur.
In case the patient wants to go for the treatment of endometriosis to achieve fertility, then the process of IVF or in vitro fertilization is attempted where an embryo is planted in the uterine lining of the patient by the doctor. This sometimes helps in achieving pregnancy.
Endometriosis is a very painful condition and the need to treat it with urgency is very important. Pain management and treatment can help a patient lead a very normal life. It is very important to choose the right hospital for this reason, and Santosh Hospitals is undoubtedly one of the best for obstetrics treatment in Ghaziabad.